Research report

Why make the report?

The report is the document used to communicate all stages of an investigation and clearly communicate everything that was developed as quick essay.

Important in the Investigation Report:

  • clarity in the writing;
  • the scientific language;
  • content consistent with the work done.
  • The presentation of this document must follow the following guidelines:
  • bound (spiral booklet or hardcover booklet);
  • be written in one of the three languages: Portuguese, Spanish or English;
  • respect the format: A4 sheet; font size of Arial or Times New Roman 12 text (black); spacing between lines of 1.5; numbering of pages.


The preparation of the Research Report aims to accurately convey the course of the research, its limitations, achievements, analysis of data obtained, conclusions and recommendations, presenting:


All the elements prior to the text must be written on a single page and serve to identify the project.

The elements before the text are:

  • acover: title, authors, school, year;
  • rosto sheet: title, authors (students), professor advisor, contacts (phone and email), the school;
  • capproval sheet;
  • the dedication (optional);
  • acknowledgments (optional);
  • epigraph (optional);
  • summary;
  • list of illustrations or graphics (if any);
  • the list of tables (if any);
  • list of abbreviations and acronyms (if applicable);
  • list of symbols (if any);
  • summary: list of chapters and sub-chapters of the report and its pages.


The textual elements consist of the main part of the project which are: introduction, development and conclusion. Each chapter, including “Introduction” and “Conclusion”, should start on a new page.

The textual elements are:

1.2.1 Introduction

  • Presentation of the topic and its delimitation, brief history of the problem, in comparison with other studies;
  • Justification;
  • Problem;
  • Hypothesis;
  • Objectives (general and specific).

1.2.2 Theoretical reference

The researcher records the content available in books, magazines, internet, etc., which has already been published and is used as a basis for his research.

1.2.3 Methodology (or Materials and Methods)

Must present:

  • type of research (descriptive, explanatory, case study, documentary research, literature review, experimental research);
  • the beginning and end of the investigation (according to the schedule and field notebook);
  • the location of the investigation and the description;
  • the variables (if applicable); conceptual definition, operational and control variables; indicators used; population and sampling system; instrument for collecting data, equipment and materials;
  • procedures: description of the steps, techniques, rules and procedures used for data collection;
  • description of the methods of analysis, evaluation, validation, the statistical treatment of the data obtained and the limitations of the method (if applicable).

1.2.4 Results and Discussion

Interpretation of the data obtained, by connecting to the results of other studies or with the theoretical data published.

1.2.5 Conclusion

Final reflections on the development and results of the research and future projections.


1.3.1 References

List of the main bibliographical references consulted: books, magazines, internet, etc.

1.3.2 Glossary (optional)

1.3.3 Annexes (optional)

Data that complements the research carried out.

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