Research Plan

Research with humans

Detail all procedures, include what was requested to the research participants.

Describe the Risk Assessment and how they will be minimized.

Describe the sample (participants of the research) studied:

Number of participants and general data of the participants (may include information such as: age, schooling, sex, socioeconomic status, etc.)

Recruitment process (where and how the participants were recruited)

Procedures for obtaining consent (if any). Include how you informed potential participants about the voluntary nature of participation and about the right to withdraw from the investigation at any time.

Strategies used to maintain privacy and confidentiality.

Include research questionnaires, if used:

  • List and describe the means (questionnaires, investigations, etc.) used and how you measured the variable of interest (observations of behavior, time, etc.).
  • Describe emotional stress and potential consequences.

Describe any physical activities or procedures, if done, and critically assess the risk:

  • Type and duration of the activity / physical exercise
  • Ingestion method, amounts, intervals, etc.
  • Investigations with vertebrate animals
  • Briefly discuss ALTERNATIVES IN POTENTIAL to the use of vertebrate animals. Present a detailed justification for the use of those animals.
  • Explain any potential impacts, or contributions, of this project.

Describe all the procedures used:

  • Include methods used to minimize any discomfort (pain, injury or other discomfort) to the animal during experimentation.
  • Dosage of drugs and detailed chemical concentrations.
  • Describe the numbers (quantity, species, gender, age, etc.). Include a justification for the amount planned for that investigation.
  • Describe the cage / fence in which the animal will stay, as well as the care that will be provided daily.
  • Describe what will happen to the animals after the end of the experiment.
  • Potentially hazardous biological agents
  • Describe the final process and the source of obtaining the agents, the safety precautions and the disposal methods.
  • Chemical Substances, Activities or Hazardous Equipment

Describe the risk assessment process well as your results. Detail chemical concentrations and doses of drugs and drugs. Also describe safety precautions to minimize risk and disposal methods (if used).

Structure of the research plan


It is the aspect of the issue that you want to address, test or develop.


The Justification, in a research project is the conviction that the research work is fundamental to be carried out and relevant to society or for some individuals who will benefit from the research. it must appear how the information generated by the research is useful and to whom it will benefit. What the research will add and what decisions may be taken from the data generated.

The justification exalts the importance of the subject to be studied, justifies the need to carry out the realization of such an endeavor and leads to the formulation of the problem.

It should be highlighted in the work that there are other works that show the importance of the subject of the research and these should be referenced.


The problem originates from a situation that provokes questions on the subject and can be defined by the researcher’s own experience or indicated by professionals linked to the topic. From the identification of the problem, a specific question is prepared to be answered by the investigation, thus establishing a focus of study to answer the question. The questions of investigation must be susceptible of answers which must be obtained with scientific and / or technological / engineering methodology.


The hypothesis is a possible answer to the question established in the problem of the research project According to Bello (2009, p.23), it is a pre-solution for the problem raised in the topic chosen for the research.

Depending on the methodological option made, the research will not necessarily require establishing hypotheses. For research-type surveys or technological investigations, for example, hypotheses do not become a mandatory formal item.


The definition of the objectives determines what the researcher wants to achieve with the completion of the research work and must correspond to the proposed questions.


It is what is going to be done. From the object is defined the area of research and classification in scientific or technological research.


At this moment, the researcher searches, locates and reviews the literature where he will obtain bibliographic material that will subsidize the subject of research work, such as books, scientific articles, magazines, newspapers, technical standards, legislation, etc.


The Methodology, which is also called Materials and Methods, is the description of the strategy to be adopted, which includes all the steps and procedures adopted to carry out the research and achieve the objectives.

After making the options, a detailed description must be made of how the research will be done (how the data will be collected, questionnaires, interviews, samples and etc) and how the analysis of the data that will be obtained will be done. The schedule, the resources that will be necessary and the evaluation must be included.


It is an adequate planning of the time that the researcher will have to carry out the work, specifying the activities to be fulfilled.


It should show how the analysis will be done, evaluation of the data, what will be compared, will it use a statistical method? How can you tell if the results are good or not, with what will you compare the results, with specifications of some standard or with the results of some author, or with what other type of research?


The reference of the documents effectively cited within the research project is a mandatory item for the preparation of the Project.

List at least five main references (for example, newspaper articles, scientific journals, books, internet sites, etc.) of your bibliographical research. If you used vertebrate animals, give an additional reference on animal care.

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